Resolutions, Letters of Support, and Other Initiatives

Native American Attorney Study

2019 Resolutions:

2019 – 001: In Support of the Tribal Adoption Parity Act
2019 – 002: In Support of Upholding the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA)
2019 – 003: Urging States and Municipalities to Replace Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples’ Day
2019 – 004: Calling on Congress to Pass Legislation Addressing Violet Crime in Indian Country and Providing Victim Assistance
2019-006: Support for Native Hawaiians, Mauna Kea Protectors,and Mauna Kea
2019-007: Support for Swift Political, Economic, and Social Actions to Address the Harms of the Climate Crisis
2019-008: Support for Immigrant Communities
2019-009: Protect and Enhance Indian Health Service Funding
2019-010: Urging All Levels of Government to Protect the Voting Rights of Native People

2017 Resolutions:

2017 – 002: To Urge the Federal Government to Protect Tribal Interests in Federal Public Lands and to Not Transfer Federal Public Lands to the States

2016 Resolutions:

ABA NO.117: To Consider Impact of Uniform Bar Exam on Minority Attorneys and to considert Including Indian Law in States with Sizable American Indian Populations
2016-6: To Support the Discontinued Use of the Sports Name R*Dskins and Legal Bar To Trademark Registration of the Name
2016-5: To Support the Discontinuance of Racist and Stereotypical Depictions of Native Americans in American Sports
2016-4: To Support the Inclusion of Indian Law on Bar Exams
2016-3: To Support The Indian Child Welfare Act Particularly Against Litigious Attacks
2016-2: To Support Tribal Courts and Justice Systems in Light of Recent Arguments Presented in the U.S. Supreme Court Case Dollar General Corp. and Dolgencorp, LLC v. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, et al.
2016-1 To Support Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education and the Legal Profession

2015 Resolutions:
2015-1: To Support Implementation of the Indian Law and Order Commission Recommendations
2015-2: To Support Implementation of the Task Force on American Indian and Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence Report
2015-3: To Support Implementation of the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 and Title IX of the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013
2015-4: To Increase Native American representation in the Federal Judiciary
2015-5: To Request Federal Civil Rights Investigation Into Death of Christina Dawn Tahhahwah in City of Lawton, Oklahoma Jail
2015-6: To Support Equal Protection and Due Process For Any Divestment of the American Indigenous Right of Tribal Citizenship
2015-7: Affirming The Inclusion of Indian Law on State Bar Licensing Exams
2015-8: Supporting Pocantico Call to Action on Climate Impacts and Cultural Heritage

2014 Resolutions:
2014 CBAC Resolutions
American Bar Association Resolution – Constitution and Bylaws Submission – Federally Recognized Tribes
American Bar Association Legal Access Job Corps Task Force – Access to Justice
2014-1: To Support the First-Ever Comprehensive Study of Native American Attorneys
2014-2: To Increase Native American Representation in the Federal Judiciary
2014-3: To Support Amendments to the Voting Rights Act
2014-4: To Support Changes to the Federal Acknowledgment Process

2013 Resolutions:
American Bar Association Indian Child Welfare Act Resolution – August 12, 2013
National Native American Bar Association Resolution on Law School Diversity – July 1, 2013
NNABA Resolution 2013-1 – Supporting Increased Funding for Tribal Justice Systems
NNABA Resolution 2013-2 – To Increase Native American Representation in the Federal Judiciary
NNABA Resolution 2013-3 – Supporting the Free Exercise of Indigenous Religion by American Indian, Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian Prisoners in Domestic Detention Facilities

2012 Resolutions:
Resolution No. 2012-1 – Representation in Federal Judiciary
NNABA Resolution 2012-2 – VAWA
NNABA Resolution No. 2012-3 – Increased Funding for Tribal Justice Systems

2011 Resolutions:
NNABA Resolution 2011-2 – Deepwater Horizon Spill Response
NNABA Resolution 2011-3 – Inclusion of Tribes in Climate Change Discussions
NNABA Resolution 2011-4 – Sharia Law

Formal Opinions:
Formal Opinion No. 1 – Duties of Tribal Court Advocate to Ensure Due Process Afforded to All Individuals Targeted for Disenrollment – June 26, 2015

Aid and Resources:

Commission on Lawyer Assistance Programs, American Bar Association

News Articles:

The Prevalence of Substance Use and Other Mental Health Concerns Among American Attorneys, Journal of Addiction Medicine, February 2016
Poor Kids, Limited Horizons: The support they need to overcome barriers to aspirational careers comes too little, too late, The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 17, 2016
The Invisible Lawyer? New Study Looks at Challenges of Naive American Attorneys, Bar Leader, Vol. 39 No. 6
Gabe Galanda, Curing the Tribal Disenrollment Epidemic: In Search of a Remedy, 57 Ariz. L. Rev. 383
Gabe Galanda – Forcing Hard Conversations, a feature interview with NNABA Board member, Gabe Galanda,
Opportunities in law lagging behind for Native Americans, Chicago Law Bulletin, April 30, 2015
National Native American Bar Association Releases Groundbreaking Study: The Pursuit of Inclusion, The National Law Review, April 14, 2015
The Police Are Killing One Group at a Staggering Rate, and Nobody Is Talking About It, by Zak Cheney-Rice, February 5, 2015, identities.mic
Despite National Debate, Redskins Right at Home in Morris – Chicago Tribune – September 26, 2014
The Legal Seagull Podcast, with NNABA board member Tom Weathers discussing Indian law (this podcast can be accessed on iTunes, iPhones, Android devices, Stitcher, Windows phones and Blackberry phones) – July 25, 2014
Matt Martin, “Slaying the Minotaur,” ABA Judges’ Journal, Vol. 53, No. 2
Mary Smith, “Confirmation of Diane Humetewa and Hope for a New Era of Diversity in the Federal Courts,” written for the American Constitution Society – May 19, 2014
Judges Doing Something About Dearth of Diverse Clerks – May 12, 2014
The Onondaga Nation Files Petition Against United States with Inter-American Commission on Human Rights – April 15, 2014
Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed New eCollection eComments Requested: 2013 National Survey of Tribal Court Systems – March 25, 2014
Coalition of Prisoners’ Rights Addresses UN Human Rights Committee – February 18, 2014
Obama Resubmits Nomination of Diane Humetewa as Judge – January 6, 2014
One Pawnee Lawyer’s Passion Protecting and Photographing Rock Art– September 28, 2013
Gabe Galanda, “Federal Task Force: Indian Country’s Trojan Horse” – September 23, 2013
Lawrence Baca, “Apples, Bananas, Coconuts and Oreos – the Fruit Salad and Dessert of Race: American Indians in the Diversity Discourse”

Letters of Support:
Casey Family Programs Support Letter Regarding Proposed ICWA Regulations – May 19, 2015
NNABA Opposes ABA Section of Legal Education recommendation regarding
classification of “short-term” employment
 – March 12, 2015
Proposed MDL Standards and Best Practices – October 7, 2014
Letter to NFL Players – Change the Mascot! – May 28, 2014
Letter to NFL Commissioner Goodell – Change the Mascot! – May 21, 2014
NNABA Signs on to letter from bar associations regarding Debo Adegbile nomination – March 24, 2014
NNABA Supports the Appointment of Peter Reyes to the Minnesota Court of Appeals – February 17, 2014
NNABA Supports the Nomination of Diane Humetewa to the U.S. District Court of Arizona – January 27, 2014
NNABA supports the confirmation of Keith Harper as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations Human Rights Council – December 16, 2013
NNABA Applauds New Indian Country Fellowship – November 29, 2013
Civil and Human Rights Letter Supporting Critical Resources for Federal Judiciary – September 17, 2013


NNABA files joint brief with CBAC partners urging Supreme Court to support diversity in admission programs.
National Bar Association Amicus Brief – Fisher v UT Austin – October 28, 2015

Indigenous Prisoners’ Religious Freedoms in the United States

The Joint Submission to the U.N. Human Rights Committee Concerning Religious Freedoms of Indigenous Persons Deprived of Their Liberty in the United States of America was submitted on behalf of indigenous persons who are incarcerated in the United States, particularly in prisons and local jails. This report responds to the United States’ fourth periodic report to the Human Rights Committee. Indigenous prisoners’ freedom to possess religious items, to participate in religious ceremonies, and to otherwise engage in traditional religious practices are subject to increasingly pervasive pattern of illegal restriction throughout the United States. This pattern exemplifies the United States’ failure to fully implement the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) at state and local levels. The United States incarcerates indigenous peoples at a disproportionate rate and has failed to prevent or effectively remedy violations of incarcerated indigenous persons’ religious freedoms. Further the United States has failed to ensure that state correctional agencies and officers engage in meaningful consultation with indigenous peoples prior to implementing administrative measures that affect them.

A Supplemental Report Concerning Religious Freedoms of Indigenous Persons was submitted on February 10, 2014, to the U.N. Human Rights Committee, in connection with its re-review of the United States this spring.

On July 25, 2014, Huy submitted a report regarding American Indigenous prisoners’ religious rights. Huy submitted the report along with the National Congress of American Indians, Round Valley Indian Tribes, Sherwood Valley Band of Pomo Indians, Penobscot Nation, Passamaquoddy Criminal Justice and Healing Commission, Native Hawaiian Legal Corporation, Native American Rights Fund, National Native American Bar Association, Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program at the University of Arizona James E. Rogers College of Law, Indigenous Law and Policy Center at the Michigan State University College of Law, Center for Indian Law and Policy at the Seattle University School of Law, American Civil Liberties Union, and American Civil Liberties Union of Washington.  Click here to view a supplemental filing that reflects the additional support of the Passamaquoddy Tribe at Sepayik, United South and Eastern Tribes (an association of 26 federally-recognized tribes), the Indian Legal Program at the Arizona State University Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, and the Seattle Human Rights Commission. These three organizations now join us in filing our report to the Committee.

Stop Academic Ethicit Fraud/”Box-Checking”

Many of the concerns NNABA has we share with other minority groups such as increasing the number of minority lawyers and judges, and general sensitivity to minority issues. There is a one large systemic problem, however, that seems to be unique to the Indian community: Lying about being Native American on law school applications.


While few people would indicate they were Asian-American or African-American on a law school application unless it was a part of their identity, for some reason there is a wide level of comfort about self-identifying as Native American simply because one was “born in America.” This is particularly disconcerting considering being Native American is not just an ethnic identity, but is an actual citizenship which carries with it a formal Tribal enrollment number, not unlike a social security number.

Despite numerous attempts by NNABA to encourage law schools to address this issue, they are quietly complicit. Their silence helps pad their minority numbers. To highlight this issue, one only need look at the census data. From 1990-2000 ABA accredited law schools reported graduating nearly 2,500 Native Americans. During the same time period, the U.S. Census only reported an increase of just over 300 Native American attorneys.

CBAC/NNABA Resolution: on Academic Ethnicity Fraud

“One-Pager”/Backgrounder on Native American Tribal Citizenship

NNABA Resolution: Specific Language Recommended by NNABA for all university and law school applications

Include Indian Law on State Bar Exams

Thirty-Five states have federally recognized Tribal governments within their boundaries. State courts and Federal courts make decisions about Tribes and Native Americans every day with little to no knowledge of the unique area of Indian law. Currently only Washington , New Mexico , and South Dakota have Indian law on their State bar exam.


NNABA’s goal is to ensure that every state with federally recognized Tribes within their boundaries includes Indian law on their bar exam.

Include Federal Indian Law in Law School Curriculum – “Indian Law Modules”

Despite the fact that Tribes are located in at least 35 states, Indian law is not integrated into the majority of law schools in America. Most Constitutional Law and Civil Procedure classes do not even mention that there are in fact three (not two) distinct sovereigns, legal systems, and courts in the Unites States.


Law schools need to integrate Indian law into pre-existing curriculums, and (especially those with Tribes within their state) offer a full stand alone course in the specialty of federal Indian law. NNABA is working with a number of law school professors to create and maintain “Indian Law Modules” that can be inserted into pre-existing curriculum in a variety of different subjects.

Increase Natives and Tribal Court Judges in the Judiciary

Just as Natives are underrepresented in the legal profession in general, they are grossly underrepresented on the Judiciary. In fact, there is not a single enrolled Native American on the Federal bench. This is particularly disconcerting considering Tribes governmental status and Native American’ political status puts them in Federal court more than any other group of people in the United States.


NNABA will continue to work with Native attorneys and Tribal Court judges, and with the Senate and the White House to promote viable candidates.

Increase the Number of Native American Law Students

Native Americans have one of the smallest bars in the nation, disproportionately small compared to their percentage of the population. NNABA is committed to increasing the number of Native students who attend college and go on to attend law school.


Two of the ways NNABA hopes to address this issue is by (1) providing much needed scholarship money, especially to help study for the LSAT and the bar, and (2) address ethnic fraud.

National Native American Law Students Association

Native “Pipeline” Initiatives

Native Pre-Law Summer Institute